Home » Archive » Volume 5 (2014) » Issue No.2 » Coffee consumption and breast cancer: a case-control study in women

Coffee consumption and breast cancer: a case-control study in women

Sofia Lakka1, Niki Mourouti1, Nikolaos Malamos3,  Christos Papavagelis1, Petrini Plytzanopoulou2Demosthenes Panagiotakos1,

  1. School of Health Science and Education, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University of Athens, Athens, Greece
  2. National School of Public Health, Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry, Athens, Greece
  3. Pathology–Oncology Department, General Hospital “Elena Venizelos”, Athens, Greece

Pages: 91-97


Objective: The aim of this work was to evaluate the association between the consumption of breakfast and the type of foods contained and breast cancer, in women. Design: A case-control study with 250 consecutive, newly diagnosed breast cancer female patients (56±12 years) and 250, one-to-one age-matched controls. A standardized validated food frequency questionnaire, including 86 questions, and assessing various socio-demographic, clinical, lifestyle and dietary characteristics was applied through face-to-face interviews. Data on frequency of breakfast meal consumption and the type of food contained therein (coffee, milk, juice, tea, cereal, fruit, and margarine-jam) were also recorded. Overall dietary habits were assessed through the level of adherence to the Mediterranean diet using the MedDietScore (theoretical range0-55). Results: Consumption of coffee at breakfast was associated with 43% lower odds of having breast cancer (OR: 0.54, 95% CI 0.35, 0.84), after various adjustments made. Consumption of milk, juice, tea, cereal, fruit, and margarine-jam at breakfast was not significantly associated with the outcome when the same adjustments were made. Conclusions: This work suggested that consumption of coffee at breakfast was consistently associated with lower odds of breast cancer.


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